Tabriz Travel Guide
Tabriz is the capital of East Azarbaijan province in Iran. It is the sixth most populous city and also one of the historical capitals in Iran. Since Tabriz was a border city, it had many ups and downs through history. The city was also the capital of Iran for a long time. Today, Tabriz is one of the most important cities in Iran which has great tourist attractions and high-quality hotels. Tabriz travel guide can help you explore the city with more knowledge and fun. It will help you have a better trip to this city
Tabriz Weather and Climate
Tabriz has a humid continental climate. Although you can feel all four seasons in this city, the weather is somehow cool during the year. It snows in winter and rain during spring and autumn. However, the summer is almost hot and dry. But the inhabitants of this city believe that “in Tabriz, six months are winter and the other six months ate nuisance”. If you want to find the best time to travel to Tabriz, spring and autumn can be better choices. However, summer is nice with long days too but you should endure the hot and dry weather.
History of Tabriz
Early History of Tabriz
The first documented history about Tabriz dates back to Sargon II, an Assyrian king (722-705 BC). However, the earliest elements claimed to be built in Tabriz dates back to early Sassanids in the 3rd or 4th century AD. But somehow the history begins after the Muslims conquest of Iran. It was the time when Arabs from Yemen entered the city of Tabriz, which then was a small village, and resided there. The development of the city started from this period.
Development of the city
It was it 721 AD when a devastating earthquake destroyed the city of Tabriz. But the city was reconstructed and beautified by the order of Zubaidah, the wife of Abbasid caliph Harun al-Rashid. Some also claim her as the founder of the city.
Tabriz as a capital city
The peak of the flourishing of Tabriz was during the Ilkhanate era. Because of the great location it had, it was one of the greatest cities of that time. However, Tabriz had been chosen as a capital several times during the reigns of Eldiguzids, Chobanids, Jalairid, Qara Qoyunlu, Aq Qoyunlu, and Safavid. The city of Tabriz was one of the 5 most populous cities in the world during the Safavid dynasty. The population of Tabriz was almost equal to Istanbul, which was then the capital of the Ottoman Empire.
Tabriz had always been a rich and luxury city. In the 13th century, most of the travellers who came to visit or even pass through the city were amazed by its richness and magnificent buildings.
Tabriz during the Ottoman Empire
Tabriz was under the rule of Ottomans between 1585 and 1603. However, it was retaken by the Safavid and then grew as a major commerce centre. The second time the city became a part of the Ottoman Empire was in 1721. In summer of this year, a devastating earthquake shocked Tabriz. Many people died and the city almost destroyed. It was the time when the Ottoman army again invaded the city and imprisoned many in Tabriz and killed many people. However, the Iranian army could retake the city again but it was still hard to rebuild it after all these incidents. Again, another earthquake hit near Tabriz in 1780 and killed many people. Therefore, the city of Tabriz doesn’t have any great story to tell during the 18th century.
Tabriz during the Qajar era
It was the end of the 18th century when the Qajar Prince Abbas Mirza appointed as the governor of the city. Although the city of Tabriz wasn’t the capital of Iran during the Qajar dynasty, it still had great importance. Because of its strategical location, Tabriz has always been one of the first cities that was occupied by the invaders. During the Qajar era, it was the place where the war between Iranians and Russians took place. As a result of this war, the Russians captured the city in the mid-1800s. However, they left the city after the took the last remaining of Caucasian territories from Iran. Therefore, a peace treaty was signed between the two countries. Nevertheless, Russian political and military influence remained a major force in Tabriz and north-northwestern Iran even until the fall of the Russian empire in the early 20th century.
The city of Tabriz was developed during the reign of the Qajar. Abbas Mirza, the Qajar Crown Prince, started modernization in Tabriz. As a result, many buildings and institutions were built with western-style. The industrial machinery was imported and the first regular postal service was installed.
Tabriz Contemporary era
Tabriz became the centre of the Iranian Constitutional Revolution between 1905 and 1911. Sattar Khan and Bagher Khan are the important figures in Tabriz who belong to this period of history. It was during this time when the Russians reinvaded Tabriz and executed almost 1200 residents. Thus, Tabriz was occupied by the Russians again. However, they left the city again in 1917.
Today, Tabriz is still one of the major cities in Iran which has great atmosphere and weather. It is one of the must-see attractions in IranThe tourist attractions in Tabriz are so diverse and kept from different eras.
Tabriz is one of the most populated cities in Iran. People speak Azeri Turkish. They also can speak Persian. Almost 96% of the residents are Turks, 3% are Persian and 0.6% from other nationalities such as Armenians. Most people are Muslims. However, there are still people who are Assyrians, Zoroastrianism, Christians, or Jews.
Tabriz Traditional Foods
Kofte Tabrizi: the most popular cuisine in Tabriz is Kofte Tabrizi. In the past, people squashed meat in a stone container. However, today the cuisine is cooked with minced meat. The meat then will be mixed with vegetables and split peas. In the end, walnut, onion, plum, and barberry will be put inside it and make a ball-shaped with it. Then these balls will be put inside a special sauce.
Carrot Stew: this stew is one of the most delicious stews you can eat in Iran. As its name indicates, this dish is made by carrot. The other ingredients of this stew are onion, meat or chicken, and tomato sauce. In the end, plums will be added beside the dish.
Doymaj: generally, this food is cooked for breakfast. However, some choose it for their evening meal. This dish is made by Tabrizi dried bread, local cheese, vegetables, and walnuts.
Dolmeh: one of the most famous dishes in Tabriz is Dolmeh. The ingredients needed for this food are rice, split peas, oil, onion, special vegetables, and oatmeal. The ingredients will be mixed together and put inside a special leave.
Yogurt Asch: this type of Asch is the most delicious one in Tabriz. It is cooked with a mixture of onion, rice, vegetables, potato, yoghurt, peas, carrot and beans. They will all be boiled in water.
Tabriz has many great sweets which are popular as a souvenir.
“Nougat” is one of the most delicious confections made with sugar or honey, roasted nuts, whipped egg whites and chopped candied fruit.
“Qorabieh” is another great sweet which is also a well-known souvenir of Tabriz. This traditional delight is also one of the most expensive sweets in Tabriz. Qorabieh is made with flour, sugar, vanilla, egg and will be covered with pistachio or walnuts.
“Baklava” is a familiar and well-known delight which is cooked in Turkey and many central Asian countries. Baklava is a type of sweet dessert pastry which made of layers filled with chopped nuts. This pastry is also covered with syrup or honey. It is usually eaten with tea.
Like other cities in Iran, Tabriz also has famous and special handicrafts. Such as:
Shoes: since Tabriz leather is so well-known and high-quality, and the shoes are made by hand, they are one of the special items that someone can buy as a gift or souvenir.
Silverwork: the art of silver working dates back to almost 100 years ago. It is now one of the popular artworks and handicrafts in Tabriz.
Rugs: Tabriz is one of the main hubs of producing hand made Iranian rugs. This city is so famous in this work so far that the World Crafts Council chose this city as the “World Carpet City”.
Tourist Attractions in Tabriz
Since Tabriz had many ups and downs during the history and was in the hands of different dynasties, the tourist attractions in Tabriz are so diverse and belong to different eras. Some of the most popular ones are:
Tabriz Grand Bazaar
One of the most significant tourist attractions in Tabriz is its grand bazaar. With the area of 1 square km, Tabriz Grand Bazaar is the world largest indoor bazaar and the world’s largest brick and brick building. The bazaar had been completely destroyed due to a devastating earthquake. Nevertheless, it completely reconstructed again.
Blue Mosque of Tabriz
Blue Mosque of Tabriz is one of the tourist attractions in Tabriz that was built during the reign of Kara Koyunlu Turkomans. It was one of the greatest mosques built at that time. However, an earthquake destroyed this beautiful mosque too. Despite being destroyed, it still has great tiling. Moreover, most parts of the mosque have been reconstructed during the last 50 years.
Eil Goli Park
El Goli Park is a popular place to spend evenings. El Goli or Shah Goli means the king’s pool which refers to the large pool inside the park. This park is also another great tourist attraction which was made during the reign of Kara Koyunlus.
How to Travel to Tabriz
Tabriz has an international airport which makes it possible to be the entrance city for most of the guests. However, you can also travel to Tabriz by aeroplane from any other cities in Iran such as Tehran. Furthermore, one of the most affordable ways to travel to Tabriz from other cities of Iran is by bus. However, it will always be easier to get to this city by car or book a tour to be able to visit all the tourist attractions in Tabriz without any trouble.
Find the Best Hotels in Tabriz
Tabriz has many great hotels. You can find a budget to luxury hotels in all parts of the city. Finding the best hotels in Tabriz depends on your need. You can find many great hotels near the tourist attractions in Tabriz such as Tabriz Sahand Hotel which is only 1 minute away from Arg Alishah, which is one of the historical tourist attractions in Tabriz. Kaya Laleh Park Tabriz is another great hotel in this city which is located right in front of a shopping centre and one of the best forest parks in the city. If you want to book a hotel in this city we can help you find the best hotels in Tabriz and other cities in Iran.