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Hamedan is believed to be one among the oldest Iranian cities and one of the world’s ancient greatest cities. “Amazing” is the only word that can be used to describe the beauty of this mystical place. It’s the distinct nature of the ancient city and its historic sites attract tourists during the summer. Hamedan’s main drawcard for visitors is its nearness to the Ali Sadr Cave -which is one of the world’s largest water caves in the world.
Tehran is the capital of Iran and Hamedan is located approximately 360 kilometers to the southwest of Tehran. Sitting on a high plain of 1,850 meters above sea level, the highlight of this city is its green mountainous area in the foothills of the 3,574-meter Alvand Mountain.
Coming to the weather, the Midwest part of Iran, Hamedan in the month of August it is politely cool, but freezing cold during December to March. In the summer the weather is mild, pleasant, and mostly sunny. The vast plains of the north and northeast of the Hamedan province are influenced by strong winds, that almost last throughout the year. This makes Hamedan city one of the coldest cities in Iran.
Hamedan is a very old city. The Old Persian name for Hamedan is Ecbatana. The city was recognized by the Medes (708–550 B.C.E.) and was also the capital of the Median Empire. It then became one among the several capital cities of the Achaemenid Dynasty. In the year 633, the battle of Nahavand took place and Hamedan fell into the hands of the Muslim Arabs. During the “Buwayhids” Dynasty (year 945–1055), the city suffered much damage and in the 11th century, the “Seljuks” dynasty which ruled parts of the Middle East and Central Asia shifted their capital from Baghdad to Hamedan.
Hamedan was destroyed during the Timurid invasion. And thereafter, in the 18th century, the city was surrendered to the Ottomans. But due to ‘Nader Shah e Afshar’, one of the most powerful rulers of the nation, Hamedan was cleared of invaders with the peace treaty between Iran and the Ottomans and the city was returned to Iran.
Hamedan stands on the Silk Road which is the ancient network of trade routes, and the city continues to attract strong commerce. During the World War I, the city was occupied by Russian and Turko – German army forces and later by the British; finally, the city was taken control by the Iranian government at the end of the war in the year 1918.
The population of Hamedan is close to 700,000 thousand people. Kurdish, Azeri, Luri, and Persian languages are spoken by people. Azeri is more popular in northern and eastern regions and Kurdish is mostly used in the western region. In the central parts like Hamedan, Persian is commonly used. Most of the populations are Persians with a sizeable minority of Azeris and a small group of Jews.
Persians followed the median fashion i.e., the stole, royal tiara high and erect encircled with a diadem. And the women wore clothes that cover complete body. The kings received their jewels from their subjects paid as divine reverence. They had a zeal for archery and horsemanship.
Kebabs are very popular and they have a lot of varieties in it, steamed & spiced fava beans, roasted red beets, Khoshkar, Koloocheh tasty cookies are some of the popular street snacks. Especially in the mountains, Persian-style fruits, Kashka Bademjan, Nokhodchi (Chickpea Cookies) will melt in your mouth, which will tempt you to buy them in kilos. Tea and fresh juice stand all time famous. Must have desserts are Angosht Pich and Faloodas.
Hamedan has always been well known for handicrafts made of wood and leather, ceramic works, traditional glasses, Kilims and beautiful carpets. Most of the foreign and domestic tourists purchase the local handicrafts.
Hamedan is a beautiful place to visit, historical and cultural significance in the city of Hamedan alone stands strong as a reason. And not to forget the beautiful carpets that are rarely found elsewhere and the mouthwatering kebabs that can drag you to Hamedan again and again.